One of the most frequent injuries in the home is burns, especially for kids. The word "burn" refers to more than just the searing sensation this injury causes. Burns are defined by significant skin injury that results in the death of the impacted skin cells.

Depending on the source and severity of the damage, the majority of people can recover from burns without experiencing any severe health effects. To avoid complications and death, more severe burns require prompt emergency medical attention.

What Causes Burns?

Being scalded by hot, boiling liquids

Fires caused by matches, candles, and lighters, electrical burns, chemical burns, and too much sun exposure

The cause of a burn does not determine the type of burn. For instance, depending on how hot the liquid is and how long it remains in contact with the skin, scalding may result in all three burns.

Even if just little skin damage occurs, chemical and electrical burns should be treated very once since they might have an impact on the internal organs.

What Are the Types of Burns?

The types of burns inlcude- first, second and third-degree burns. The severity of the skin damage is based on each degree, with the first degree being the least severe and the third degree being the most severe. Damage consists of:

First Degree Burn

Skin damage from first-degree burns is minor. Due to the fact that they only affect the skin's top layer, they are also known as "superficial burns." 

First-degree burn symptoms include:

  • Redness
  • Slight pain or swelling and inflammation
  • When the burn heals, the skin becomes dry and brittle

The indications and symptoms vanish as the skin cells shed since this burn only affects the top layer of skin. First-degree burns are often cared for at home. The sooner you treat the burn, the quicker it might heal. First-degree burn treatments include:

  • The wound should be submerged in cool water for at least five minutes.
  • Taking ibuprofen or acetaminophen to relieve pain
  • Using aloe vera gel or cream and the anaesthetic lidocaine to calm the skin
  • utilising loose gauze and an antibiotic ointment to cover the injured region

Avoid using ice, as doing so could worsen the harm. Cotton balls should never be used on burns as the tiny fibres may adhere to the wound and raise the possibility of infection.

Second-degree burn

When the injury goes deeper than the epidermis, second-degree burns are more dangerous. The skin will blister from this form of burn and turn incredibly red and painful.

The burn appears wet or weeping when some blisters rupture. Over time, fibrinous exudate, a thick, soft tissue that resembles a scab, may form over the wound.

These wounds are fragile, so it's important to keep the area clean and bandage it correctly to prevent infection. This expedites the burn's recovery as well.

While some second-degree burns take longer than three weeks to heal, the majority do so in two to three weeks without leaving any scars, though frequently with skin pigment changes.

The blisters' severity will determine how long it takes for the burn to heal. When the damage is significant, skin grafting is necessary to repair it. Skin grafting involves moving healthy skin from another part of the body to the burned area.

Avoid cotton balls and dubious home treatments, just as you would with first-degree burns. The following are typical treatments for moderate second-degree burns:

  • Applying antibiotic cream to blisters
  • Soaking the skin in lukewarm water for at least 15 minutes
  • Taking acetaminophen or ibuprofen, two over-the-counter pain relievers

3rd Degree Burn

Third-degree burns treatment are the most serious, barring fourth-degree burns. They penetrate all layers of skin and do the most harm.

Third-degree burns are frequently thought to be the most agonizing. But, with this kind of burn, the nerve damage is so severe that there may not be any pain.

The signs of third-degree burns can vary depending on the etiology and can include:

  • Blisters with a raised
  • Leathery texture
  • A waxy white tint, and a dark brown colour that do not form

These wounds heal without surgery with considerable contracture and scarring. Third-degree burns can spontaneously heal completely at any time.

The prognosis for first- and second-degree burns is favourable when they are treated well and promptly. These burns rarely leave scars but can alter the colour of the injured skin. Minimizing further injury and infection is crucial. Deep skin tissues, bones, and organs may experience troubles, hence second- and third-degree burns treatment might need:


Rehabilitative physical therapy 

While it's crucial to receive proper physical therapy for burns, don't forget to seek out support for your mental needs as well. For those who have suffered serious burns, there are support groups and licenced counsellors accessible. Find local support groups by searching online or by speaking with your doctor.